Precautions to follow during pregnancy

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Precautions to follow during pregnancy

Precautions to follow during pregnancy

Rimi Das   ¦    Apr 29, 2019 02:45:42 PM (IST)

Precautions to follow during pregnancy-1

Pregnancy is the joyous phase in the life of a woman; the excitement to bring newborn at home and pick up the name can’t be defined in words. Pregnancy is all about waiting and nurturing the fetus so that it can get a healthy life in the world. However, the period of pregnancy is not a cakewalk; there are certain ups and downs followed by the conception.

Pregnancy is a different experience for different women, for example, some women glow and have good health whereas other women experience nausea and dizziness all the time. In either case, women undergo lots of physical and emotional changes in the period.

Pregnancy is the joyous phase in the life of a woman; the excitement to bring newborn at home and pick up the name can’t be defined in words. Pregnancy is all about waiting and nurturing the fetus so that it can get a healthy life in the world. However, the period of pregnancy is not a cakewalk; there are certain ups and downs followed by the conception.

Pregnancy is a different experience for different women, for example, some women glow and have good health whereas other women experience nausea and dizziness all the time. In either case, women undergo lots of physical and emotional changes in the period.

The best way to combat these changes and lead a healthy life in the duration is to stay cautious from the time of conception. A proper test should be taken to confirm pregnancy, and once pregnancy is confirmed, a gynecologist should be consulted immediately. A list of do’s and don’ts should be prepared in the initial phase; also if there is any ongoing medication - a gynecologist or medical practitioner should be informed beforehand. Over the counter medicine such as dolo 650 mg tablet, which is taken for immediate relief from backache, fever and headache should be avoided as it may harm both mother and fetus. In short, a medical practitioner should be consulted before taking any medicine which is not prescribed.

We have accumulated a list of things which should be followed to have a safe pregnancy and a healthy baby:

  • Regular gynecologist visit: Appointment should be scheduled with a gynecologist or obstetrician as soon as pregnancy is confirmed. The woman should be transparent about the medical history as well as ongoing medications. This would enable the gynecologist to understand the condition and prescribed the required dose of medications accordingly. Any kind of complications or undesired experiences such as discomfort or pain should be taken seriously; and it should be discussed with gynecologist without any delay. 
  • Vitamin dosage: Vitamin is necessary for the healthy development of the fetus. Hence, it is advised to take vitamin and folic acid supplements. Also, it plays an important role in preventing any kind of birth defects.  There is specific parental vitamin available which is prescribed to pregnant women and it is essential in the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Rest & Relax: In the first trimester of pregnancy, usually women gain weight, experience morning sickness, feel sluggish and tired all the time. This is considered as one of the most challenging phases of pregnancy as fetus grow very quickly and start developing vital organs such as digestive tract, nervous system and spine. It is advised to rest and relax as much as possible. 
  • Stay hydrated: Body of the woman required more fluid during pregnancy as the volume of the blood increases to support the nutrient and oxygen required by the fetus. These sudden changes in the body elevate the demand for fluid. Hence, it is advised to have lots of fluid including water, smoothies and fresh juices to stay hydrated all the time.  
  • Stop the use of alcohol and avoid caffeine: Consumption of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine can put both mother and fetus at risk. Use of alcohol is known to cause learning disabilities and interfere with the cognitive functioning of the fetus.  Caffeine, when taken in excess, can result in premature labor and congenital disabilities in the baby. It is advised to limit the use of sodas, chocolates, colas, green and black tea as the level of caffeine is very high in these products.
    Balanced diet: It is necessary for pregnant women to follow a balanced diet and ensure that the food being consumed is healthy. Here is a list of food items that should be included in the diet:
    • Egg yolk, salmon, tuna, fish liver and milk should be consumed on a daily basis. Also, sunlight should be adsorbed for vitamin D. 
    • Omega-3s is responsible for the development of eyes, brain and nerves of the baby. This can be easily obtained from nuts and seeds. 
    • Fruits and vegetables should be washed properly to remove pesticide residue. It is advised to stick to more organic sources. 
    • It is advised to limit or completely avoid the use of preservatives or food containing synthetic colors. Also, the process should not be consumed as it contains traces of sodium nitrates that interfere with fetal development. 
    • Amount of calcium intake should be increased which could be easily done by including spinach, tofu, dairy products and broccoli in the diet. The diet should be well planned and all food groups should be included. Hence, it is advised to consult a dietitian.
  • Stop smoking: Smoking increases the risk of several complications in both mother and fetus. It can lead to miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, premature labor, low-birth weight, and low immunity. Even passive smoking poses a risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS); hence it is advised to quit any kind of smoking or use of tobacco for a healthy pregnancy and baby. 
  • Get tested for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): Pregnant women should get screened for STDs and HIV in the early stage of pregnancy; as these infections have a significant effect on pregnant women as well as on the health of the fetus. It is advised to use a contraceptive to avoid the risk of such diseases.

Though some complications cannot be prevented, they can be controlled to a certain extent. Precautions and preventive measures can help a woman enjoy a healthy pregnancy.  It is advised to visit a medical practitioner regularly and in case of any complication, it should be reported immediately.

Also Read: Tips to manage back pain at the workplace