The Indian market has seen a steep demand for two-wheelers over the last decade and we can attribute this to the convenience of driving a two-wheeler on the Indian roads that are clogged with ever-increasing traffic. Another important reason for the latest switch to two-wheelers is the surge in fuel prices, driving a car these days can be a costly affair.
If you have recently purchased a new bike and can’t wait to get your hands on the accelerator and fly on the Indian roads, let us give a heads up on important documents that you should carry with you at all times to abide by the Indian traffic rules. Carrying the below documents is more importantly made mandatory as per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
God forbid if you are involved in some road bike accident or when you may be stopped by the traffic police as part of random checks, not furbishing all the required documents can attract hefty fines and sometimes even legal actions.
All these documents are related to the identification details of the bike and you as a bike owner, let's discuss these in detail.
This is the first and the foremost document that tops the list of mandates. A registration certificate often abbreviated as RC, is a legal document that confirms that your bike is legitimate and has been registered at the Regional Transportation Office (RTO). Bike details like its model and make personal details of you as a bike owner, details of if any previous owner, the registration number is specified clearly in this document.
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To ride your bike on Indian roads, you need to have at least third-party liability bike insurance. This insurance covers you against financial losses in the event of an uneventful accident involving a third person. Along with the mandate two-wheeler insurance, you can opt for own bike damage insurance coverage or comprehensive insurance for a wider spectrum of coverage for your bike. No insurance for your bike is equivalent to breaking a traffic rule and you can be imposed with a fine.
Your two-wheeler policy document includes all the details of the policy, like the policyholder name, model, make and age of your bike, tenure of the policy, insured amount.
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Emission certificate is also known as PUC certificate is another mandate document that’s required as per law to drive your bike on the Indian roads. This document confirms that the carbon monoxide discharged from your bike is well within the permissible limits defined by the authorities. You can approach any motor repair center to get your bike checked for this and procure a certificate.
A driver's license is a legal document that gives you the permit to drive a two-wheeler. You can apply for a driver's license at the local Regional Transportation Office (RTO) only if you are above the age of 18 years. There are prerequisite tests that one needs to pass to get a permanent driver's license. Motor Vehicles Act has made it compulsory to carry a valid driver’s license, without which you can be imposed with a fine.
New bikes are considered fit to be on the Indian roads for 15 years, but post that you need to procure a fitness certificate for your bike to continue to ride it on the roads. So this certificate is mandatory for older vehicles, and you need to keep renewing this certificate once every two years, thereafter.
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If you are above 50 years old and wish to continue to drive your bike, you may be asked to furnish a medically fit certificate issued by a certified doctor. It's more like a disclaimer that you are in the right frame of mind and health to drive on the road following complete safety.
Along with the above-mentioned documents ensure to follow all basic traffic rules while driving your two-wheeler like wearing a helmet, maintain a safe distance from other vehicles, use bike indicators before making a turn and value your and others' life on the road. In case any of the above documents are missing, don’t take it lightly, work on getting them in place with the help of local bike dealers or use technology to gather information.
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